The educational intervention must be multi-prolonged and directed at different target groups. The emphasis must be primordial prevention directed towards the healthy population so that such population may maintain its health through practicing desirable health behavior; e.g. sanitary practices, proper diet, physically active, non-smoking and peaceful lifestyle etc. The school children is a special group that should be reached as it is during this period when habits are either being formed or modified. Teachers and parents need to be influenced as they are potent channels for correct habit formulation of this age group.Special high risk groups such as workers, obese, pregnant women, those with elevated blood pressures and high serum cholesterol and urine acid need to be identified and given special consideration. Similarly, educational interventions need to be designed for those who have been confirmed CVD cases in order that they may adhere to the prescribed medical regimen , comply with the medical treatment, keep appointments for regular check-up and develop greater skill for self-care.
The study aims to (1) assess people's health knowledge, belief and practices related to cardiovascular diseases as a basis for planning educational intervention of the CVD control program; (2) determine some of the factors that affects people's perception about the diseases; (3) establish baseline data against which the effect of an educational program may be measured.