The study aimed to determine the profile of child abuse cases referred to VSMMC, Cebu City. The result of the study as the basis for an improvement child rehabilitation program. Specifically, it sought to answer the following:
1. What was the demographic profile of child abuse cases referred to VSMMC, in terms of:
1.3 educational background
1.4 perpetrator of abuse
1.5 place of incidence
2. What was the profile of the child abuse perpetrator, in terms of:
2.3 educational background
2.4 civil status
3. What was the relation of the perpetrator to the child abuse.
4. What forms of treatment/services were rendered by VSMMC to these child abuse victims, in terms of:
4.1 psychological care
4.2 medical care
4.3 referral services
5. What improved child rehabilitation program can be proposed?
This study utilized a descriptive, ex-post facto research approach. A review of the documented intake forms, as to the profile of child abuse victims referred to WCPU of Pink room of VSMMC, was the main source of information. Data were collated and appropriate statistical treatments were made.
The demographic profile of the child abuse victims or survivors showed the highest incidence among 6-13 years old. 361 or 54.37 % followed by adolescents (14-17 years old) with 185 or 27.86 %. The victims were mostly females, 235 or 35.39 %, although there were unknown or unlisted sender that accounts for 281 or 42.32 %. The educational attainment of the child abuse survivors were elementary graders (327 or 49.25 %). The abuses were done by intrafamilial perpetrators (217 or 32.68 %) and performed in the home (264 or 39.76 %).
The profile of the child abuse perpetrator showed an age group of 26-30 years old (88 or 13.25 %) and were mostly males (263 or 39.61 %). The educational attainment and civil status of these perpetrators were not known because of lack of data. As to occupation, most of them were jobless (144 or 21.69 %).
The perpetrators of child abuse were both from intrafamilial and extrafamilial relations. The fathers were the most common intrafamilially (84 or 12.65 %) and the neighbors top extrafamilially (98 or 14.76 %).
Based on the findings, the child abuse victims are often in their school age, who are highly explorative and not always monitored by their parents. On the other hand, the perpetrators are mostly known to the victims, at the onset. The residence of the victim or home is not safe for the children from the child abusers especially in the absence by parents or guardians.
Based on the conclusions, the following recommendations should be considered:
1. The proposed improved child abuse rehabilitation program should be implemented.
2. A similar study should be conducted that will determine the type of abused received by the victims.
3. Domestic violence particularly, child abuse information should be incorporated in the school curriculum. It should start early at the primary levels.