Design of the study: The design used in conducting this study was descriptive retrospective. The charts of the patients who were diagnosed with severe pneumonia at the Vicente Sotto Memorial Medical Center from the months of January to June 2004 were reviewed.
Study Setting: The Vicente Sotto Memorial Medical Center is a tertiary hospital. It has a 400-bed facility and with an occupancy rate of 106%. It accepts referrals from other hospitals. The Pediatric Department has twelve residents and nine medical specialists and consultants.
Participants: All patients diagnosed with severe pneumonia within the range of 2 months to 59 months who were treated with Penicillin G during the first 72 hours.
Main Outcome Measures: The prognosis of patients diagnosed with severe pneumonia within the range of 2 months to 59 months who were treated with Penicillin G during the first 72 hours.
This study evaluates the responds of patients admitted at Vicente Sotto Memorial Medical Center, for severe pneumonia given Penicillin G within 72 hours. The result showed that majority of the subjects were between the ages 2-11 months. Majority also of the subjects responded positively to Penicillin G. Gender is not a significant factor in determining the response to Penicillin G. Immunization is a great factor though since the results showed that the patients that were immunized did well. After 72 hours treatment of Penicillin G at 50,000 units per kilo for every six hours, it was observed that the patients improved as evidenced by the absence of chest indrawing and resolution of fever. Further, the patients with good nutritional status responded positively.
To determine the clinical profile and outcome of patients who were 2 months - 59 months old admitted in Vicente Sotto Memorial Medical Center - Pediatrics Ward from January to June 2004 with primary diagnosis of severe pneumonia treated with penicillin G in the first 72 hours.
1. To determine the clinical profile of the patients as to their:
a. Age and sex
b. Nutritional status
c. Co-morbid conditions; dehydration; anemia
d. DPT immunization
e. Immunization for the past three months
2. To determine how many of the patients improved within 72 hours clinically based on:
b. Chest indrawing
3. To determine if AMV was given for those patients who have no measles immunization upon discharge.