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Submitted: 18 January 2019 Modified: 25 April 2019
HERDIN Record #: R07-CIM-19011817190375

Quality of life of patients with HIV/AIDS enrolled at Vicente Sotto Memorial Medical Center (VSMMC-CECAP) in Cebu.

Janica S. Alguire,
Mark Gavin C. Dinsay,
Kenn Carlson M. Dy,
Juan Bernardo J. Lava,
Esther Ann B. Nacita,
Doucel L. Oliver,
Emma Angeli T. Pableo,
Trisha Vera B. Paler,
Justine Mae  J. Rondina

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Background: As of March 2016, 32, 647 cases of HIV have been  reported in the Philippines. Among all cities in the country, Cebu City ranked number one in the prevalence of HIV. Various research shows that HIV infection, currently an incurable, lifelong disease, affects multiple dimensions of a person's well-being: physical, mental, social and economic.The World Health Organization (WHO) has formulated a tool to assess a person's well-being in the context of Quality of Life (QOL) defined by the WHO as "individuals' perceptions of their position in life in the context of the culture and value systems in which they live and in relation to their goals, standards, expectations and concerns.'' Assessment of QOL has increasingly been used to: (1) determine the readiness of a population to accept innovative approaches to reducing infection rate, transmission, and the associated underlying  morbidities of the disease process, (2) determine the perceived burdens of chronic disease, (3) track changes in health over time, (4) evaluate the effects of treatment and, (5) quantify the return of health care investments. General Objective: To evaluate the quality of life of HIV positive (HIV+) patients using the WHO Quality of Life Questionnaire (WHOQOL-HIV-BREF tool). Study Design: Descriptive, cross-sectional study. Study Population: HIV+ patients enrolled at the VSMMC-CECAP program, HIV treatment Hub in Cebu. Maneuvers: HIV+ patients were selected through convenience sampling. All patients who visited the HIV treatment hub during the study period were invited to participate. Sociodemographic and behavioral data were collected through separate forms, and the WHOQOL-HIV-BREF tool was administered. Results: Chi-square statistics indicated that the demographic variables had no significant relationships with the QOL of respondents. Most of the HIV (+) patients surveyed were males  (82.5%), the most common route of transmission was having sex with a man (72.5%), and most did not consider themselves to be ill (87.5%). Results of one-way repeated measures ANOVA indicated that there were significant differences (F=213.21, p<.001)in the domains of QOL. Bonferroni pairwise comparison indicates that among the domains of quality of life of the respondents, psychological domain (M=18.52, SD= 3.02) is higher than physical domain (M=15.23, SD=2.98), physical domain (M=15.23, SD=2.98) is higher than social relationships (M=13.58, SD=3.46), and physical domain (M=15.23, SD=2.98) is higher than spirituality (M=13.18, SD=3.77). Conclusion: QoL assessment is a vital part in a HIV+ patient's overall care and the results of this study may aid in addressing specific patient issues and formulating solutions in relation to different QoL domains.

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